What is and Why use Cooperative Learning
A. What is Cooperative Learning?
- Formal Cooperative Groups - groups that last from one class period to several weeks.
- Informal Cooperative Groups - groups are ad-hoc groups that lost from a few minutes to one class period.
- Base Groups - long-term groups (lasting for the entire semester) that are heterogeneous with stable membership whose primary purpose is for members to give each other support, help, encouragement, and assistance with long-term, committed relationships.
B. Why should teachers utilize cooperative learning?
- Research indicates that cooperative learning results in a significantly higher achievement and retention than do competitive and individualistic learning.
- Research indicates that cooperative learning promotes a greater use of higher- level reasoning strategies and crucial thinking than do competitive or individualist efforts.
- In cooperative groups, members more frequently generate new ideas, strategies, and solutions that they would think of on their own.
- Research indicates that cooperative learning aids in the transfer of learning among subjects and disciplines.
- Cooperative learning results in more positive attitudes toward the subject area and greater continuing motivation to learn more about it. This positive attitude extends to the overall instructional experience.